Town Planning – The Science and Arts Involved

With progress of science and technology and demands for a comfortable living the concept of town planning has attracted much attention in today’s world. An unplanned city might evoke much disgust besides practical problems like transportation hassles, water problems, congestion etc. The concept, town planning involves effective land use along with transportation planning to improve the look and feel and socio-economic environment of the city. The process might also involve the urban renewal by adapting new planning methods for cities suffering from decay.Apart from the technicalities involved, the aspect of town planning involves a lot of arts and aesthetics. Even ancient cities of Indus Valley Civilization and Mesopotamian Civilization have earned laurels for exhibiting fine town planning. There are several elements that are taken into consideration while planning a town.1.Aesthetics: To ensure a neat and clutter-less city with proper arrangements, segmentations and zoning.2.Safety: Planning should be designed to avoid injury from furies of nature or accidents.3.Slums: Planning needs to address the issue of slum development.4.Urban decay: Preventing urban decay should be a part of planning.5.Reconstruction: Renewal of slums and reconstruction of urban decay is important.6.Transport: Keeping provisions for a flawless transportations system with highways, roads, and railways is of utmost concern in planning.7.Sub-urbanization: Leaving room for sub-urbanization process to take place as the city grows.Strategy and accuracy plays important roles in urban planning. Usually town planning consultants are involved in the job of securing proper planning. Prior to the second half of the last century urban planning was seldom a unique profession. The consultants offer services in real estate planning, industrial planning, residential and commercial planning. They are equipped with knowledge in architecture, surveying, and engineering. The consultants typically work for nation wide or small local projects under the government.With time the concept of urban planning has gained dynamism with the including of newer concepts that have been brought about to ease out the difficulties in handling the mammoth nature of the tasks. Subdivision planning is one such concept. It refers to the breaking down or sub dividing of land into smaller areas which are easier to sell or develop. It is usually done via plat. Plat refers to a plan consisting of maps showing detailed divisions of the land.This type of land division is usually controlled by subdivision ordinances where such ordinances specify certain standards and requirements. The process of subdividing may vary from place to place but here is an example of how it is done in Charlotte and Mecklenburg County:Informal sketch plan is produced.Applicant submits preliminary plan to Planning Department.Planning Department reviews the plan.Each of the reviewing departments has to approve the plan.Planning Department staff grants approval if all formalities are cleared.